It’s been said that the number of clues remains constant even as some field of expertise expands. This may sometimes be the outgoing generation accusing the incoming generation of being soft or lazy, and indeed it has also been said that progress in most fields occurs one obituary at a time. What we know for certain is that skills for which demand is not growing, become less common. Maybe some managers and some investors like to avoid the cost of network operators and so the fact that the cloud does not ask its customers to operate physical routers or switches or servers seems like a good thing. We also know that all magic comes at a cost, and in this case the low demand for network operations skills in one generation has led to a reduced understanding in the next generation of how distributed systems actually function. What does this do to the competitive position of nations and companies and technologists, and how shall we make ready now that it has become inevitable?