Submissions
This Call for Submissions is open to: Organizations doing research and advocacy on the IT Rules and IL Guidelines. Technologists, lawyers, computer scientists, journalists, researchers and the like who are investigating encryption, traceability and privacy. expand

This Call for Submissions is open to:

  1. Organizations doing research and advocacy on the IT Rules and IL Guidelines.
  2. Technologists, lawyers, computer scientists, journalists, researchers and the like who are investigating encryption, traceability and privacy.
  3. Product managers - from media organizations and products - who will be tasked with content moderation and content filtering.
  4. Hosting providers who may have operational and legal concerns with IL Guidelines.
  5. Web developers building websites using Content Management Systems (CMS); CMS communities.

You can submit content on any of the following topics:

  1. Primers and explainers about IT Rules and IL Guidelines.
  2. Legal and tech-policy origins of IL Guidelines.
  3. Laws and regulations, similar to the IL Guidelines, implemented in other parts of the world.
  4. Operational issues in regulating content platforms and apps.
  5. Litigation and advocacy, globally, in response to content censorship, internet censorship and platform censorship.
  6. Operational challenges that product managers, in India and across the world, run into when complying with IT Rules-like regulations.
  7. Case studies of using ML and AI filtering mechanisms for content moderation.
  8. Exacerbating bias in content filtering.
  9. Over-compliance and user/customer backlash at the product.
  10. Alternatives to AI/ML - from point of view of costs (compute and processing costs), and resources (manpower, handling infrastructure, etc) for content scanning and complying with IL Guidelines.

If you have topic suggestions that you want to share, post a comment on https://hasgeek.com/PrivacyMode/it-rules-2021-intermediary-responsibilities/comments

Nadika N

Nadika N

Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Anish TP

Anish TP

Research methods, design, sampling and execution

This is a mixed-method research study, comprising both qualitative and quantitative methods. more
  • 1 comments
  • Submitted
  • 22 Sep 2021
Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Nadika N

Nadika N

Anish TP

Anish TP

Respondents profile

Qualitative research was conducted with 33 respondents. These included representatives from SSMI organizations, digital news publications and cloud service providers. One FGD was conducted with independent software developers who are vocal about privacy, digital rights, data security and responsibility in technology on social media and community forums. We classified this set of respondents as “p… more
  • 2 comments
  • Submitted
  • 18 Sep 2021
Nadika N

Nadika N

Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Anish TP

Anish TP

Detailed findings: Overall awareness

The IT Rules, Intermediary Guidelines 2021, have a far-ranging impact on social media apps, digital news and content, and cloud hosting providers in the country. The Rules could potentially affect a far wider section of the startup and SME sector in India given that many of these organizations produce content in one form or another which can be regulated. While the legality and ethicality of the … more
  • 1 comments
  • Submitted
  • 22 Sep 2021
Nadika N

Nadika N

Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Detailed findings: Legal concerns

IT Rules are Ultra Vires of IT Act 2000 The IT Rules are notified under the IT Act1, 2000, which provides ‘Safe Harbour’ status to digital intermediaries. That is, the intermediary will not be held liable for content that is merely hosted by, or transmitted by them, provided they are not the creators or owners of the content. By nature, subordinate legislation, such as the IT Rules 2021, cannot r… more
  • 4 comments
  • Submitted
  • 22 Sep 2021
Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Nadika N

Nadika N

Detailed findings: Ethical concerns

Broad definitions of unlawful content: The government claims the IT Rules are framed as a response to illegal or unlawful content, including hate speech, pornography and Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM), among others. Under the Rules, unlawful content will also include content that is deemed against national interest or national security, including those that tarnish the image of the nation. more
  • 2 comments
  • Submitted
  • 19 Sep 2021
Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Nadika N

Nadika N

Detailed findings: Implementation concerns

What we observe in this section can be seen as the continuation of the previous section with issues arising from the lack of ethical considerations playing out in terms of implementation. Vague definitions of organizations, and the broad scope that has been created for the Rules, organizations must now undertake more tasks and activities to comply, irrespective of size or resources. Some of the l… more
  • 1 comments
  • Submitted
  • 21 Sep 2021
Zainab Bawa

Zainab Bawa

Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Anish TP

Anish TP

Nadika N

Nadika N

Impact of IT Rules on tech workers’ ecosystem - professional concerns

Introduction As discussed in the chapter on respondent profiles, a quantitative survey was conducted with tech workers to assess awareness, understanding and impact of the IT Rules. more
  • 2 comments
  • Submitted
  • 19 Sep 2021
Zainab Bawa

Zainab Bawa Author

Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Nadika N

Nadika N

Anish TP

Anish TP

Impact of IT Rules on tech workers’ ecosystem - personal concerns; impact on participation and advocacy

This chapter is divided into two sections: Impact of IT Rules on personal lives, mainly freedom of speech and expression, and privacy. more
  • 0 comments
  • Submitted
  • 02 Oct 2021
Nadika N

Nadika N

Bhavani Seetharaman

Bhavani Seetharaman

Conclusion and Recommendations

In the final analysis, the IT Rules are seen as having a deep, detrimental impact on the social media and digital news sectors, and result in increased work loads for employees, increased cost of operations and compliance for organizations. Along with existing concerns over the potential impact of the Personal Data Protection Bill (PDP) that is currently under advisement by a parliamentary body a… more
  • 0 comments
  • Submitted
  • 30 Sep 2021
Nadika N

Nadika N

IT Rules 2021 Intermediary Guidelines: Concerns and recommendations from the community

Introduction The INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (GUIDELINES FOR INTERMEDIARIES AND DIGITAL MEDIA ETHICS CODE) RULES, 2021 notified by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY), together with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB), Government of India has a significant impact on what was perceived as the ‘safe harbour’ for organizations providing communications and informa… more
  • 1 comments
  • Submitted
  • 25 May 2021
IT Rules 2021 Report: Annexure

Udbhav Tiwari

IT Rules 2021: law, legalese and impact on open source communities

The Government of India (GoI), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY), and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB) jointly released the new IT Rules 2021, with significant impact on Intermediaries. The new rules impact OTT and digital media streaming services, online news outlets, social media and platforms, messaging services, among others. The new rules are availa… more
  • 0 comments
  • Confirmed & scheduled
  • 01 Jul 2021
IT Rules 2021 Report: Annexure

Satyavrat KK

User privacy and the litigation between WhatsApp and the Indian Government over the IT Rules

On 27 May 2021, WhatsApp took the Government of India to court over the IT Rules 2021. The IT Rules 2021 mandate WhatsApp to implement traceability i.e. the ability to trace the origins of “unlawful” messages. This effectively breaks WhatsApp’s end-to-end encryption technology implemented to safeguard user privacy. WhatsApp argues that this mandate (in the IT Rules) violates citizens’ fundamental… more
  • 0 comments
  • Submitted
  • 15 Jun 2021
IT Rules 2021 Report: Additional material

Satyavrat KK

The Wages Of Fear: A Compendium Of Global and Domestic Encryption Debates

This submission is part of a compendium on encryption. I would implore readers to first watch a short primer where Matt Green takes us through the specific technological developments that surround the history mentioned in this compendium. Better still, check out Matt Green’s submission End-to-end encryption: State of the Technical and Policy Debate for a deeper dive into the history of global enc… more
  • 0 comments
  • Submitted
  • 19 May 2021
IT Rules 2021 Report: Additional material

Satyavrat KK

U.K's Online Safety Bill: An Overview

A Brief History Of The Online Safety Bill In May 2021, the U.K government published the ‘Online Safety Bill’, comprising a 145-page document, along with 123 pages of explanatory notes and a 146-page impact assessment on the ramifications of the bill. The U.K government positions the Bill as one which ushers in “a new age of accountability for tech and brings fairness and accountability to the onl… more
  • 0 comments
  • Submitted
  • 18 Jun 2021
IT Rules 2021 Report: Additional material

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